Tìm kiếm tài liệu miễn phí

Tổng hợp một số dẫn xuất Coumarin bằng phương pháp sử dụng lò vi sóng

Bài viết Tổng hợp một số dẫn xuất Coumarin bằng phương pháp sử dụng lò vi sóng trình bày một số dẫn xuất của coumarin có hoạt tính sinh học cao, như tác dụng chống co thắt, làm giãn nở động mạch vành, chống đông máu, chữa bệnh vẩy nến, kháng khuẩn, chống nấm, chống viêm,... Mời các bạn cùng tham khảo.



Đánh giá tài liệu

0 Bạn chưa đánh giá, hãy đánh giá cho tài liệu này


  • 5 - Rất hữu ích 0

  • 4 - Tốt 0

  • 3 - Trung bình 0

  • 2 - Tạm chấp nhận 0

  • 1 - Không hữu ích 0

Mô tả

Tạp chí KH Nông nghiệp Việt Nam 2016, tập 14, số 6: 907-912
www.vnua.edu.vn

Vietnam J. Agri. Sci. 2016, Vol. 14, No. 6: 907-912

MICROWAVE-ASSITED SYNTHESIS OF COUMARIN DERIVATIVES
Nguyen Thi Thanh Mai1*, Nguyen Thi Hong Hanh2
1

Faculty of Chemistry, Hanoi University of Industry
Faculty of Environment , Vietnam National University of Agriculture

2

Email*: mainguyen65hb@gmail.com
Received date: 17.02.2016

Accepted date: 08.05.2016
ABSTRACT

Some coumarin derivatives possess high biological activities, such as antispasmodic effects, dilating the
coronary arteries, anticoagulants, psoriasis treatment, and antibacterial, antifungal and anti-inflammatory activity.
Some derivatives also exert inhibitory effect on HIV. In this study, we performed a microwave- assisted solvent-free
synthesis of coumarins from using conjugate nucleophilic reactions with various amines and achieved 55-70%
efficiency. Th products synthesized exhibit antibacterial and antifungal activity.
Keywords: Coumarin, synthesis, antibacterial and antifungal activity.

Tổng hợp một số dẫn xuất coumarin bằng phương pháp sử dụng lò vi sóng
TÓM TẮT
Một số dẫn xuất của coumarin có hoạt tính sinh học cao, như tác dụng chống co thắt, làm giãn nở động mạch
vành, chống đông máu, chữa bệnh vẩy nến, kháng khuẩn, chống nấm, chống viêm,... một số có tác dụng ức chế
HIV.Trong nghiên cứu này chúng tôi thực hiện việc tổng hợp một số dẫn xuất coumarin theo phương pháp không
dung môi trong lò vi sóng bằng phản ứng cộng hợp nucleophin với các amin khác nhau, cho hiệu suất đạt từ 5570%. Các sản phẩm coumarin cũng đã được khảo sát hoạt tính sinh học, kết quả cho thấy các sản phẩm tổng hợp
được đều có tính kháng khuẩn, chống nấm cao.
Từ khóa: Coumarin, tổng hợp, kháng khuẩn, kháng nấm

1. INTRODUCTION
Coumarins are an important group of
organic compounds that are used as additives to
food and cosmetics. They have high biological,
antifungal and anti-inflammatory activities,
optical brightening agents and dispersed
fluorescence and laser dyes (Deniz et al. (2014),
Zaheer-ul-Haq et al. (2008)). The derivatives of
coumarin
usually
occur
as
secondary
metabolites present in seeds, roots and leaves of
many plant species. Their function is far from
clear, though suggestions include waste
products, plant growth regulators, fungistats
and bacteriostats (Deniz et al., 2014; Moussaoui

et al., 2007; Bayer et al., 1982; Mahesh et al.,
2016; Fatunsin, 2010). It is, therefore, of utmost
importance that the synthesis of coumarin and
its derivatives should be achieved by a simple
and effective method. Coumarins can be
synthesised by methods such as Claisen
rearrangement, Perkin reaction and Pechmann
reaction as well as Knoevenagel condensation.
It was recently shown that the Pechman
reaction could be quickly achieved using
microwave irradiation of the reagents in a
household microwave oven. For reasons of
economy and pollution, solvent-free methods
are of great interest in order to modernize
classical procedures making them cleaner, safer

907

Microwave-assited synthesis of coumarin derivatives

and easier to perform. These methodologies can
more over be improved to take advantage of
microwave activation as a beneficial alternative
to conventional heating under safe and efficient
conditions with large enhancements in yields
and saving in time.
In the present study, we report the
synthesis of coumarins using microwave oven
and the evaluation of their biological activity.

ethanol and filtered. The solid was washed with
cold ethanol and dried which gave satisfactory
yields. The products were recrystallized from
ethanol to give pure compounds (3a-c). These
products have melting point (Mp) 115-117ºC, IR
(KBr, cm-1): 1732.8 and 1670.1 (C=O), 1550.66
(C=C); 1210.3 (aryl ether, C-O-C)1HNMR
(DMSO-d6, , ppm): 2.58 (s, 3H, CH3), 8,07 (s,
1H, CH), 7.49-8,07 (aromatic proton)

2. MATERIALS AND METHODS

2.2.2. Synthesis of
general procedure

2.1. Materials
All reagents and solvents used were
obtained from the supplier (Merck, Germany).
The melting points of the products were
determined by open capillary method. The
FTIR-spectra were recorded on Magna 760 FTIR Spectrometer (NICOLET, USA) in the
mixture with KBr and using reflex-measured
method. 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectra were
recorded on a Avance DRX 500 Bruker,
Germany (500.13 MHz and 125,76 MHz,
respectively) spectrometer in DMSO-d6, and
the chemical shifts () are given in ppm relative
to the signal for TMS as internal standard. The
homogeneity of the compounds was determined
by thin layer chromatography (TLC) on silica
gel plate 60 F254 No. 5715 ((Merck, Germany)
using eluent benzene: acetone (9:1). The
migrated compounds were visualized by
dragendorff reagent. The physical data of all
these compounds are summarized in Table 1.
2.2.

General

procedures

for

the

preparation of compounds
2.2.1. Synthesis of 3-acetyl-6-substituted2H-chromen-2-one (3): general procedure
A mixture of 5-substituted salicylaldehyde
(1) (0.1 mol) and ethylacetoacetate (0.11 mol)
was taken in a conical flask, stirred and cooled.
To this mixture, 0,5 ml of piperidine was added
with shaking. The mixture was then
maintained at freezing temperature for 2 to 3 h,
and then a yellow coloured solid mass was
separated out. The lumps were broken in cold

908

compounds

(4a-4f):

3-Acetyl-6-substituted-2H-chromen-2-one
(3) (2.5mmol) and amines (2) (5 mmol) were
thoroughly mixed without solvent in an MW
tube and irradiated by using the MW program
as follows: power: 120 W; hold time: 3-5
minutes; and temperature: 100°C. After
completion of the reaction, the mixture was
treated with water (10 ml), and the precipitate
was washed with water (50 ml), then with
diisopropyl ethanol/toluene (30 mL) and dried to
yield pure chromenes (4a-f)
Synthesis 3-[(1-Naphthylimino) ethyl]- 2Hchromen-2-one (4a)
From compound (3a) and -aphthylamine
to form 3-[(1-Naphthylimino) ethyl]- 2Hchromen-2-one (4a). It has some characteristic:
IR (KBr, cm-1): 1750.15(C=O), 1656.55 (C=N),
1575 (C=C), 1203 (C-O-C). 1HNMR (DMSO-d6,
, ppm):8.6 (s, 1H, CH), 7.4-7.9 (m, 11H,
aromatic proton), 2.59 (s, 3H, CH3); 13C NMR
(DMSO-d6, , ppm): 30.0, 116.0, 118.1, 124.4,
124.8, 130.7, 134.4, 146.9, 154.4, 158.34, 195.0
Synthesis 3-[(Phenylimino)
chromen-2-one (4b)

ethyl]-

2H-

From compound (3a) and phenylamine to
form 3-[(Phenylimino) ethyl]- 2H-chromen-2one (4b). It has some characteristic: IR (KBr,
cm-1): 1740 (C=O), 1596 (C=N), 1475 (C=C),
1103 (C-O-C). ). 1H NMR (DMSO-d6, ,
ppm):8.5(s, 1H, CH), 7.6 - 7.9 (m, 9H, aromatic
proton), 2.54 (s, 3H, CH3). ).13C NMR (DMSO-d6,
, ppm): 159,1 (C=O); 175,6( C=N); 153,5 (C-O);
136,1 (C-N); 116,1-132,7 (aromatic carbons);
19,5 (CH3).

Nguyen Thi Thanh Mai, Nguyen Thi Hong Hanh

Synthesis 6- Chloro -3-[(phenylimino)
ethyl]- 2H-chromen-2-one (4c)

NMR (DMSO-d6, , ppm): 159,5 (C=O); 179,1(
C=N); 152,5 (C-O); 136,0 (C-N); 113,4-134,3
(aromatic carbons); 19,7 (CH3)

From compound (3b) with phenylamine to
form 6- Chloro -3-[(phenylimino) ethyl]- 2Hchromen-2-one (4c). It has some characteristic.
IR (KBr, cm-1): IR (KBr, cm-1): 1742 (C=O),
1675.02 (C=N), 1556 (C=C), 1201.(C-O-C). ). 1H
NMR (DMSO-d6, , ppm):8.21 (s, 1H, H4), 7.537.46 (m, 7H, aromatic proton), 2,52 (s, 3H, CH3).
13
C NMR (DMSO-d6, , ppm): 159,3 (C=O);
182,1( C=N); 151,5 (C-O); 136,2 (C-N); 113,4132,9 (aromatic carbons); 19,5 (CH3).

Synthesis 6- Bromo-3-[(  -naphthylimino))
ethyl]- 2H-chromen-2-one (4f):
From
compound
(3c)
with
naphthylamine. to form 6- Bromo-3-[(  naphthylimino)) ethyl]- 2H-chromen-2-one
(4f):. It has some characteristic IR (KBr, cm-1):
1734.52 (C=O), 1675.30 (C=N), 1545,59 (C=C),
1159.25 (C-O-C). 1HNMR (DMSO-d6, ,
ppm):8.61 (s, 1H, H4), 7.43-7.67 (m, 9H,
aromatic proton), 2.35 (s, 3H, CH3). 13C NMR
(DMSO-d6, , ppm): 159,6 (C=O); 189,5( C=N);
152,5 (C-O); 147,7 (C-N); 115,1-139,4 (aromatic
carbons); 19,7 (CH3)

Synthesis 6- chloro -3-[(  -naphthylimino))
ethyl]- 2H-chromen-2-one (4d)
From compound (3b) and  –naphthylamine
to form 6- chloro -3-[(  -naphthylimino))
ethyl]- 2H-chromen-2-one (4d). It has some
characteristic: IR (KBr, cm-1): 1742 (C=O), 1645
(C=N), 1553 (C=C), 1169 (C-O-C). 1H NMR
(DMSO-d6, , ppm):8.31 (s, 1H, H4), 7.43-7.88
(m, 9H, aromatic proton), 2.47 (s, 3H, CH3). 13C
NMR (DMSO-d6, , ppm): 159,3 (C=O); 182,1(
C=N); 151,5 (C-O); 136,2 (C-N); 113,4-132,9
(aromatic carbons); 19,5 (CH3).

3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
The derivatives of coumarins (4) could be
easily synthesized by the nucleophilic addition
of corresponding amine compounds (2) on 3acetyl-6-substituted-2H-chrome-2-one (3). We
performed this reaction by microwave- assisted
solvent-free method, for several minutes.
Reaction yields were quite high (55-70% ). All
coumarins obtained are soluble in common
organic solvents (such as ethanol, toluene,
benzene, DMF,…) but insoluble in water. Their
structure have been confirmed by spectroscopic
data (such as IR-, 1H-NMR- and 13C-NMRspectra). The proposed mechanism for the
formation of 4a-f:

Synthesis 6- Bromo -3-[(phenylimino)
ethyl]- 2H-chromen-2-one (4e)
From compound (3c) with phenylamine to
form 6- Bromo -3-[(phenylimino) ethyl]- 2Hchromen-2-one (4e). It has some characteristic
IR (KBr, cm-1): IR (KBr, cm-1): 1752 (C=O), 1663
(C=N), 1523,69 (C=C), 1211 (C-O-C). 1H NMR
(DMSO-d6, , ppm):8.22 (s, 1H, H4), 7.33-7.65
(m, 7H, aromatic proton), 2.52 (s, 3H, CH3). 13C

CH3

1

R

O

O

O

O

R

..
H2 N

CH3

1

2

R

-

O
+
H

O

CH3 COO
O

1

R

O

O
CH3

H

C

N

+

OH
..

1

2

R

R

H

CH3

H

C

N

OH2

O

-

O

R

2

+

O
CH3

1

R

C

N

2

R

Figure 1. The proposed mechanism for the formation of coumarins

909

Microwave-assited synthesis of coumarin derivatives

The IR spectra of coumarins 4a-f, the
stretching absorption band of C=O linkage was
observed at 1734-1752 cm-1. Absorption bands
at regions of 1543-1575 cm-1 and 1159-1210
cm-1 were characterized for stretching
vibration of C=C double bond and C-O-C
groups, respectively. In addition, absorption
band appeared at 1643-1675 indicating the
presence of C=N functional group in the
synthesized coumarins. 1H-NMR spectra
showed resonance signals which were specified
for protons H4 are in region =8,21-8,65 ppm
(singlet). Some resonance signals were in
region =7.435-7.962 ppm belonging to
aromatic protons. Protons in CH 3 had some
resonance peaks with chemical shifts from 2,49
ppm to 2,58 ppm (Figure 1). 13C-NMR spectra
showed four-parted regions. The magnetic
resonance signals of the carbonyl bonds C=O
appeared in the down-field regions at

195.02ppm. In addition, there were some
resonance peaks in up-field region at  29.92 39.99 ppm indicating the presence of methyl
groups and  146. 93-158.34 ppm belonging to
C=C aromatic carbon-13.
Compounds (4a-f) were screened for their
antibacterial and antifungal activities against
E. coli, S. aureus and Candida albicans by the
disc diffusion method (Table 2). Almost all
compounds 4 had remarkable biological activity
at 150g/ml concentration. Compounds (4a)
showed highest antibacterial and antifungal
activity. Coumarins (4a-c) have significant
biological
activities
against
S.
aureus
concentration of 100g/ml. Except compound 4d,
4f which exhibited no antifungal activity
against S. aureus. All coumarins 4 have no
biological activities against E. coli, S. aureus,
and C. albicans at 100 g/ml concentration.

Figure 2. 1H-NMR spectra of 3-[(-naphthylimino) ethyl]- 2H-chromen-2-one (4a)

Figure 3. Summary diagram for the synthesis of coumarins

910

Nguyen Thi Thanh Mai, Nguyen Thi Hong Hanh

Table 1. Physical parameters of compounds 4(a-f)
Compound R1R2Yield (%) Mt (oC)

4a -H

58 230-233

4b-H

55 218-221

4c-Cl

70 220-221

4d-Cl

55225-226

4e-Br

56224-225

4f -Br

67 233-235

Table 2. Response of various micro-organisms to substituted coumarins 4(a–f)
(Diameter of zone inhibition (mm))
E.coli

S.aureus

C.abicans

Entry
100g/ml

150g/ml

100g/ml

150g/ml

100g/ml

150g/ml

4a

-

17

15

18

35

40

4b

-

15

17

19

23

32

4c

-

16

13

15

27

32

4d

-

16

-

15

22

27

4e

-

-

-

17

19

22

4f

-

16

-

14

22

30

4. CONCLUSIONS
Six coumarin derivatives were synthesized
by microwave-assisted solvent-free method
from from 3-acetyl-6-substituted-2H-chromen2-one using conjugate nucleophilic reactions
with various amines with 55-70% efficiency.
The highest efficiency is 4c compounds. The
microwave-assisted solvent-free synthesis of
coumarins has many advantages: closed
reaction system, solvent free, no use of heat
sources, etc..... all these reduce evaporation and
dispersion of substances into the environment,
greatly reducing toxic effects on humans and
the environment. Currently, this method are

classified as green synthesis methods in
chemistry. The synthesized products have
antibacterial and antifungal activity.

REFERENCES
Deniz Yiđit, Yasemin Arslan Udum, Mustafa Güllü,
Levent Toppare (2014). Electrochemical and
spectroelectrochemical studies of poly(2,5-di-2,3dihydrothieno[3,4-b][1,4]dioxin-5-ylthienyl)
derivatives bearing azobenzene, coumarine and
fluorescein dyes: Effect of chromophore groups on
electrochromic
properties,
Electrochimica
Acta, 147(20): 669-677.
M. Mahesh, G. Bheemaraju, G. Manjunath, P. Venkata
Ramana (2016). Synthesis of new oxadiazole,

911

Tài liệu cùng danh mục Y học thường thức

ROUTLEDGE STUDIES IN SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIETY: Human-animal relations and the rise of veterinary medicine

.ANIMALS, DISEASE AND HUMAN SOCIETY In recent years, the issue of animal disease has seldom been out of the headlines. The emergence of BSE and the threat of food-borne infections such as E.coli and salmonella have focused public attention on the impact of animal disease on human society. However, the problem of animal disease is far from new. Animals, Disease and Human Society explores the history and nature of our dependency on other animals and the implications of this for human and animal health. Writing from a historical and sociological perspective, Joanna Swabe’s work discusses such issues as: • animal domestication;...


Vitamin nhóm B trong điều trị một số biến chứng thần kinh do rượu

Nghiện rượu là nguyên nhân gây ra rất nhiều biến chứng về tiêu hóa, gan mật cũng như thần kinh. Rượu có thể gây tổn thương đồng thời cả hệ thần kinh trung ương và ngoại biên. Trong nội dung bài viết này chúng tôi xin giới thiệu về các biến chứng thần kinh do rượu. Say rượu: Xảy ra khi uống quá nhiều rượu đột ngột, gồm say rượu đơn thuần và say rượu bệnh lý. Say có thể dẫn đến hôn mê do rượu khi nồng rượu trong máu vượt quá 4g/lít. Hôn mê do rượu có...


Flow Cytometry – Recent Perspectives Edited by Ingrid Schmid

Tham khảo sách 'flow cytometry – recent perspectives edited by ingrid schmid', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả


CANCER AND MEDICAL CANNABIS

Cancer registries can play an important role in the evaluation and mon- itoring of screening programmes aimed at detecting pre-invasive condi- tions. Cancer registration data have been used in routine-data-based stud- ies to examine trends in disease rates in relation to screening frequencies within a population and to compare disease rates between different popu- lations with the coverage offered by their screening programmes (see Section 16.3.1). For instance, such studies have supported the hypothesis that regular use of the Pap smear test is effective in reducing the incidence of invasive cervical cancer....


Bác sĩ tốt nhất là chính mình part 1

Quan điểm này được tất cả các giáo sư, bác sĩ trên toàn thế giới công nhận và khuyến cáo với bệnh nhân. Đó là lời khuyên về phòng bệnh, phát hiện và điều trị sớm bệnh tật. Theo các chuyên gia y tế, nếu phòng bệnh tốt, mỗi người sẽ giảm được 55% nguy cơ cao huyết áp, giảm 75% tai biến mạch não, 50% bệnh đái tháo đường và 33% khả năng mắc bệnh ung thư… kéo dài tuổi thọ được hơn 10 năm. Đồng thời tiết kiệm rất nhiều chi phí thuốc men....


UẤT KIM (Kỳ 2)

Tìm hiểu thêm Tên khoa học: Curcuma longa L- Họ Gừng (Zingiberaceae). Mô Tả: Nghệ là một loại cỏ cao 0,60 đến 1m. Thân rễ thành củ hình trụ hoặc hơi dẹt, khi bẻ hoặc cắt ngang có màu vàng cam sẫm. Lá hình trái xoan thon nhọn ở hai đầu, hai mặt đều nhẵn dài tới 45cm, rộng tới18cm. Cuống lá có bẹ. Cụm hoa mọc từ giữa các lá lên, thành hình nón thưa, lá bắc hữu thụ khum hình máng rộng, đầu tròn màu xanh lục nhạt, lá bắc bất thụ hẹp hơn, màu hơi tím nhạt....


Chapter 080. Cancer Cell Biology and Angiogenesis (Part 8)

PI3K is a heterodimeric lipid kinase that catalyses the conversion of phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate (PIP2) to phosphatidylinositol trisphosphate (PIP3), which acts as a plasma membrane docking site for proteins that contain a pleckstrin homology (PH) domain. These include the serine/threonine kinases Akt and PDK1 that are key downstream effectors of PI3K action (Fig. 80-2). The PI3K pathway is activated in 30–40% of human cancers and is thought to play a critical role in tumor cell survival, proliferation, growth, and glucose utilization. Amplification or activating point mutation of the gene encoding the catalytic subunit of PI3K (p110) is observed in 20–30%...


Nếp nhăn trên da báo hiệu cho thấy xương dễ gẫy

Nếp nhăn trên khuôn mặt là một trong những kẻ thù chính của phụ nữ vì chúng vừa làm tăng tuổi tác, vừa được xem là một trong những điều gây tổn hại đến sức khỏe.


Age-Related Macular Degeneration - part 1

Các nhà xuất bản cung cấp giảm giá về cuốn sách này khi đặt hàng với số lượng lớn. Để biết thêm thông tin, viết thư để tiêu thụ đặc biệt / Tiếp thị chuyên nghiệp tại địa chỉ trụ sở chính ở trên.


10 PHƯƠNG CÁCH CÓ GIẤC NGỦ MAU LẸ VÀ KHỎE KHOẮN

Không có điều gì ảnh hưởng tai hại đến khả năng làm việc của bạn hơn là một giấc ngủ không ngon. Nhiều nghiên cứu đã cho thấy rằng sự mất ngủ đã gây tổn thất rất đáng kể đến năng suất làm việc của người dân Mỹ; những nhân viên bị buồn ngủ không thể tỉnh táo, không thể có những quyết định sáng suốt, không thể chú tâm vào công việc hoặc ngay cả không thể giữ được một tánh tình hài hòa ở tại sở làm. Có rất nhiều phương cách để khắc phục sự khó...


Tài liệu mới download

MBA dành cho lãnh đạo
  • 07/04/2012
  • 27.718
  • 730

Từ khóa được quan tâm

Có thể bạn quan tâm

Research Writing in Dentistry
  • 21/01/2013
  • 66.605
  • 269
Dưỡng Sinh Bằng Tắm Gội
  • 25/04/2011
  • 27.432
  • 761

Bộ sưu tập

Danh mục tài liệu